The Indus River System
It rises from a glacier near Mansarovar lake at a height of 5180 m and flows 709 km in India with the total length of 2880 km. It is known as Singi Khamban (which means lion’s mouth) in Tibet.
It cuts over the Ladakh range, forming a spectacular gorge/canyon near Gilgit in Jammu and Kashmir. It goes into Pakistan near Chillar in the Dardistan region. The water resources of Indus River system are shared by India and Pakistan as per the Indus Water Treaty, 1960.
Tributaries of Indus River
Five main tributaries of the Indus River are described below
Jhelum river which originates from Sheshnag lake near Verinag at foothills of Pir Panjal (South-Eastern part of Kashmir) and reaches Pakistan through a narrow gorge after flowing through the Wular lake near Srinagar and joins Chenab near Jhang in Pakistan.
Chenab river is the largest tributary of the Indus, rises at Bara-Iacha la pass, which is formed by two streams the Bhaga and the Chandra, which joins at Tandi near Keylong.
Ravi river rises from the West of the Rohtang pass in the Kullu hills of Himachal Pradesh and flows through the Chamba valley of the state.
Beas river rises from the Beas Kund near the Rohtang pass. It flows through the Kullu valley and forms gorges at Kati and Largi in the Dhauladhar range. It joins Sutlej near a place called Harike in Punjab.
Sutlej river originates from the Rakas lake near the Mansarovar lake where it is known as Langcher Khambab. It is an antecedent River which cuts through the Himalayas at Shipki la (pass) and enters in India.